black knight rocket
The first two vehicles were 'proving rounds' - that is, launches without a payload in order to prove the design of the rocket. Design work on what would become the Black Knight launch vehicle commenced in 1955, being performed by the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) and British manufacturer Saunders-Roe. History Black knight was designed to test the reentry of warheads for Britain's nuclear missile Blue Streak.. Black knight was able lift a 70 kg model warhead above the atmosphere and then send it back towards the earth with a speed up to 19,000 km/h. , In 1954, UFO researcher Donald Keyhoe told newspapers that the United States Air Force had reported that two satellites orbiting Earth had been detected. A "Black Knight satellite launcher" project announced in 1964 was considered a priority by the Ministry of Aviation. Black Knight was a British research ballistic missile, originally developed to test and verify the design of a re-entry vehicle for the Blue Streak missile.
All launches of the Black Knight were successful and there were no major failures experienced during any. , List of ranks in the fire, police, jail, and corrections services of the Philippines, People of the American Civil War by state, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Cold War military equipment of the United Kingdom, Collections of the National Museums of Scotland, Space launch vehicles of the United Kingdom, List of codenames used for projects (Rainbow Codes), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Black_Knight_(rocket)?oldid=4149059, Rocketry articles with outdated infoboxes.
All the re-entry firings took place on clear moonless nights, so that the luminous wake of the re-entry body could be observed photographically. Specifically, it influenced the development of the British-built Blue Streak missile programme, while generally benefitting scientific understanding in both the United Kingdom and the United States. ", This page was last edited on 9 July 2020, at 19:43. The Black Knight BK22 rocket is on display at the World Museum in Liverpool.
The Treasury refused to fund both projects, and the enlarged Black Knight was cancelled in favour of the Black Arrow satellite launcher.
However, the Royal Aircraft Establishment made various studies into extending the vehicle into a satellite launcher. A British rocket called the Black Knight rocket was used in conjunction with the Blue Streak missile program between 1958 and 1965, to test re-entry vehicles. One (BK11) was fired as part of the ELDO project, to check out range facilities. The Black Knight is likely to be debris left over from extravehicular activity (EVA).
The original four chamber motor was based on the Gamma motor developed at the Rocket Propulsion Establishment at Westcott, Buckinghamshire.
It is nearly 11 m high and stretches up for three floors. One of the men who designed the engine was C. Donald. Black Knight Rocket - geograph.org.uk - 750994.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Black_Knight_(rocket)&oldid=333976810, Space launch vehicles of the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
This is the reason the fins are relatively small – they only needed to be effective at low speed as the rocket left the launch pad, after which the vectored thrust would take over. Saunders-Roe was the principal manufacturer for the Black Knight at its facility on the Isle of Wight. The majority, 21, were fired as part of re-entry experiments; if they had been used as launch vehicles for satellites, the majority of these firing would have successfully attained orbit. A variety of heads were flown in these tests, including a plain copper sphere and a silica sphere. The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total.
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