forest succession timeline

10-19-2020

0000001256 00000 n 0000005272 00000 n The "Succession of the Boreal Forest … Animals and insects populate the area, and food, water, and shelter is easily obtainable. }ߏCPn���>#s3�U�8 ��ԣo֠�z��.͂XX��zn�vAa�:��8�d�2�C����`�2-� A forest cannot grow anymore after it reaches its climax because of its limiting factors. 2. endobj Eutrophication is a way in which the ecosystem gains vital nutrients. Ecological succession is the process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time. Primary succession is where an ecosystem slowly developes where nothing was before. 0000003089 00000 n Primary succession begins on bare substrate with no life. A common climax forest is an old pine forest. 0000026872 00000 n Ecological succession occurs when an ecosystem gradually changes in an orderly fashion until a stable climax is established. Plant Succession In 1916, Dr. William Skinner Cooper, set up a series of study plots in Glacier Bay, Alaska. The natural pattern of recovery after a wildfire is referred to as “ecological succession.” This is the process whereby the land, plants and wildlife move through various ecological stages in order to return to a state of relative stability. trailer << /Size 45 /Info 17 0 R /Root 21 0 R /Prev 1418140 /ID[<844280234642b36a75b5be7c0c977c5b><02f65e888abc1b539c5d7c020e0a118d>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 21 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 19 0 R /Metadata 18 0 R /Outlines 12 0 R /OpenAction [ 22 0 R /XYZ null null null ] /PageMode /UseNone /PageLabels 16 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /S 59 /O 139 /L 155 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 44 0 R >> stream !��jnwZ\�)��qq����������Ϭ⫂�`چ��N��5�{�ѫ������[:�j�]Χ��_>�El�#&�J�tu�|������z���?~ ���j���w���`���4tb�%�%�O#ȻEmb���u�N'�L�A'X��ı1]@p� ��^k0� u��rK��U�o�rx�y���"n�ɕj�S/�-��[ k����6��-�� %���� These plants are known as the pioneer species because they are the first species to inhabit a previously uninhabitated land. x���r%�q���)&�W{�hg��Ml'^I��K�Ŋ/�\H�d�M�\Y�#�u���@wcΙs��UE[�3��@��И�����������_꾗�!��25˼���Ŧ_������S�M���P_��!������0�M\�\��S?4���a7�ct����q�����*F�d�6�c���Yƥ�m����0-�v��7�2,c}}[�����N��b�.o뗗�B����g��/��ջZ���E��졷�ܶ����H����7��=���K���67�v��]����kC������g��dT�� ���(���{uA���/�Pt������n M����s[���V������Vy�ln�3��K�޽���>�۹�! "��,������̦B��)4��3�ql�1��;^v�x�tU/[5���7s�: H�b```���" bE8&8�l8d��n�S�L �E���A��݀a� �^����e�r The species that arrive first build through their interactions a simple initial biological community until other, hardier species arrive. A forest fire rages through and destroys the current ecosystem. 0000001886 00000 n In the broad sense of the term, forest restoration is not new. 0000001638 00000 n forest Direc&ons:(Cut(out(the(bo`om(por.on(at(the(dashed(line(and(glue(the(.me(line(into(your(notebook. Animals and insects populate the area, and food, water, and shelter is easily obtainable. ���YET�3pop_ΰ��W� f�0��re ;�d?���( ��� ]�� endstream endobj 44 0 obj 136 endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 19 0 R /Resources 23 0 R /Contents 31 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 23 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] /Font << /TT2 28 0 R /TT4 24 0 R /TT6 29 0 R /TT7 33 0 R >> /XObject << /Im1 42 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 35 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 30 0 R >> >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 57 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 500 500 0 0 0 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BDLAJP+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 26 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 905 /CapHeight 718 /Descent -211 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -628 -376 2034 1048 ] /FontName /BDLAOH+Arial,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 144 /XHeight 515 /FontFile2 39 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2028 1007 ] /FontName /BDLAJP+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /FontFile2 37 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 905 /CapHeight 718 /Descent -211 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -665 -325 2028 1037 ] /FontName /BDLAIJ+Arial /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 94 /XHeight 515 /FontFile2 36 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 148 /Widths [ 278 278 355 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 0 278 333 278 0 556 556 556 556 556 556 0 0 556 0 278 0 0 0 0 556 0 667 667 722 722 667 611 778 722 278 0 0 0 833 0 778 667 0 722 667 611 722 0 944 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 556 556 500 556 556 278 556 556 222 222 500 222 833 556 556 556 556 333 500 278 556 500 722 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BDLAIJ+Arial /FontDescriptor 27 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 122 /Widths [ 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 722 722 722 667 611 778 722 278 556 722 611 833 722 778 667 0 722 667 611 722 667 0 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 556 611 556 611 556 0 611 611 278 278 556 278 889 611 611 611 0 389 556 333 611 556 0 556 556 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BDLAOH+Arial,Bold /FontDescriptor 25 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj [ /ICCBased 40 0 R ] endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 1609 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream A climax community occurs when the ecosystem reaches a study state. >���L�#no�2-b����jPG��Kdž�A�Z[:1+L�&F{�fÉ��t�쁁���&9Or��d��6��"�]�4P5j���Ng��T���Ǜ�������������68��_l��a�� �ޅO�f?�x�fW��. 0000036560 00000 n In fact, that’s one of the biggest mistakes that boards frequently make about executive succession. �pYqY�~�Ùd}����/RjV�������� &.��խ/���OI�,�px�b23 *2(x�@� �Q�B��cqA.���1B�B����ƅ��Z1�Ј�Y�v�eڡ�n�oc��e�Q��ЍSݷ�춍5�)�` 6. 5 4 0 obj <> 0000001277 00000 n 0000006010 00000 n 0000002114 00000 n Succession Timeline Before the tornado annual plants grow, fertile soil, tall towering trees, and the perennial plants in the understory, all growing so fertile and lovely. %PDF-1.4 %���� ((Then,(cut(out(the(following(items(and(glue ... Primary Succession Timeline Large trees such as Spruce-fir trees, hemlock trees, pine trees, oak-hickory trees, beech-maple (Foxes Deer and elk Early trees: aspen, alder, willow, Weather, fire, flood, insects, and human activity can disrupt the forest, altering the pattern of succession. Much like ecological succession, forest succession is gradual, but typically focuses on tree species. %PDF-1.7 5 0 obj 0000002549 00000 n Secondary succession occurs due to disturbance. Primary succession is where an ecosystem slowly developes where nothing was before. <> In 1-2 years annual plants begin to grow again in the ruined ecosystem. Forest succession is considered a secondary succession in most field biology and forest ecology texts but also has its own particular vocabulary. 0000057619 00000 n an "aging" forest in 150-300 years. Ecological Succession occurs when an ecosystem has a disturbance and must regrow. The ecosystem produces grasses and perennials 3-4 years later. All sections begin as a climax forest of old growth White Fir with some remaining pines that seem to be slowly dying out. :�������'���dž�8y��l35�A&�77��l2ǹ��B�����>������4���m$8� This extended timeline may surprise those who think that succession is primarily a hiring problem and that once the hire is made, it’s done. Over-worked and eroded by the effects of wind and rain, the soils had lost many of the life-giving nutrients necessary for the survival of healthy crops. It’s like hitting the “reset” button on the life cycle of a forest. Succession Timeline Before the tornado annual plants grow, fertile soil, tall towering trees, and the perennial plants in the understory, all growing so fertile and lovely.

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