leland stanford philanthropy


(214)743-5600 Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/economics-magazines/stanford-leland. Despite this loss Stanford continued to pursue a career in politics and in 1859 he ran for governor of California but lost again. Encyclopedia.com. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1938. A little background research can go a long way towards avoiding the making of embarrassingly inaccurate accusations. “Catherine Pyke believes in the vision of women philanthropists. These words were the real beginning of Stanford University. He was the fourth son of Josiah and Elizabeth (Phillips) Stanford. The Big Four: The Story of Huntington, Stanford, Hopkins, and Crocker, and of the Building of the Central Pacific. This is your impact intention. A baseless claim went viral on social media, stirring up unwarranted fears about voter fraud. Stanford's early education was typical of the period, a combination of formal schooling and home tutoring. In 1885 he returned to political life and was elected to the United States Senate. He was happy here. Regnery, Dorothy F., The Stanford House in Sacramento: an American treasure, Stanford, Calif. (P.O. His death would hardly have been described as “accidental,” nor had he spent a year studying at Harvard while barely into his teens: The family was in Italy in 1884 when Leland contracted typhoid fever. And my husband and I would like to erect a memorial to him, somewhere on campus.” The president wasn’t touched; he was shocked. One, highlighting the philanthropy of Jane Stanford and Arabella Huntington, was held at the Huntington Gardens in San Marino on behalf of Mellon Bank for its clients. "Leland Stanford In 1870 the Southern Pacific was incorporated to build in southern California and eventually to reach New Orleans, La. On his 9,000-acre Palo Alto ranch, Stanford devoted himself to raising some of the world's fastest race horses. Can a Little Fish Make a Splash Swimming Beside Moby Dick? Since the late 19th century, large personal fortunes have led to the creation of private foundations that bequeath large gifts in support of varied causes. In 1885 he had declared his candidacy for the U.S. Senate and had defeated A. They settled on creating a great university, one that, from the outset, was untraditional: coeducational, in a time when most were all-male; nondenominational, when most were associated with a religious organization; avowedly practical, producing “cultured and useful citizens” when most were concerned only with the former. Business Leader Profiles for Students. . When the extremes of climate proved unsuitable for wine production, they began producing brandy. He met defeat in a race for Republican state treasurer in 1857, and 2 years later he lost the gubernatorial contest. The Big Four, as they came to be known, earned an estimated profit of $54 million from that venture alone. The family could trace its American roots back to Thomas Stanford (or Staniforth), who lived in Concord, Massachusetts, in 1644. Philanthropic groups have existed since ancient times. Stanford also served on minor congressional committees and supported popular legislation such as the exclusion of Chinese laborers, industrial co-operatives, and soft money. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). A lady in a faded gingham dress and her husband, dressed in a homespun threadbare suit, stepped off the train in Boston, and walked timidly without an appointment into the president’s outer office. The company later completed a second transcontinental railroad from California to New Orleans. Leland Stanford (1824–93) was an industrialist and politician who amassed a large fortune from the development of the railroad industry in the west. I will help you map a clear path to your goals and assess how closely you come to achieving them along the way. (October 16, 2020). He loved Harvard. Nonetheless Stanford personally remained popular among the public. Using internal emails, sworn testimony, and other documents, Snopes was able to break down exactly how the Public Interest Legal Foundation (PILF) worked to "generate, create, organize and weaponize" misleading narratives. Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Business Leader Profiles for Students. 1856: Became partner in brothers' business in Sacramento. Stanford died in Palo Alto on June 21, 1893. A “Chicken Soup”-like tale warning us against the folly of judging people solely by appearances hit the Internet in mid-1998. Harvard’s president would had to have been an ignorant buffoon not to recognize Stanford’s name and promptly greet him upon hearing of his arrival: Moreover, the Stanfords’ only son (Leland Stanford, Jr.) died of typhoid fever at age 15, in Florence, Italy. Philanthropy, voluntary organized efforts intended for socially useful purposes. This in-depth interview with philanthropist and art collector Norman Stone offers insight into how his practice of meditation influences his giving, his art, and his life. of his fortune to found Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. Stanford was also a noted art collector, acquiring paintings, sculpture, and other art objects to adorn his residences in San Francisco and Palo Alto. "Stanford, Leland Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1993. Snow, Richard F. "Biggest of the Four." . Stanford's father was a prosperous farmer who also worked as a contractor in the building of bridges, roads, and railroads. He joined forces with Collis P. Huntington (1821–1900), Charles Crocker (1822–88), and Mark Hopkins (1814–78) to form the Central Pacific Railroad Company in 1861. THE administration of Theodore Roosevelt was in some respects the first modern presidency. A silence followed and Mrs. Stanford looked grave. Stanford decided to join three of his brothers in Sacramento, California, where they had a successful business selling mining and agricultural supplies. He was an imposing figure, hardly the type of man to dress in a “homespun threadbare suit,” walk “timidly” into someone’s office without an appointment, and sit cooling his heels “for hours” until someone deigned to see him. They formed the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1870 to purchase and build railroad lines south from San Francisco. He represented California in the Senate until his death in 1893 at the age of 69. After he left the governor's office in 1863, he had remained active in influencing legislation in California. The Big Four dominated the railroad industry in the 1890s; their company was frequently criticized for being a "monopolistic octopus." “He’ll be busy all day,” the secretary snapped. Stanford, Leland (1824-1893) Central Pacific Railroad. He also served as governor of California and as a United States Senator. . In addition he used his political contacts to acquire generous federal grants for the railroad, which included land grants for railroad construction and loans for financing the project. The Big Four eventually established a virtual monopoly over transportation in California, and in 1885 they formed the Southern Pacific Corporation as a holding company for their interests. Leland received a formal education until the age of 12, had 3 years of tutoring at home, and then returned to school. “Madam,” he said gruffly, “We can’t put up a statue for every person who attended Harvard and died. Leland Stanford, born on March 9, 1824, in Watervliet, N.Y., was one of eight children of a prosperous farmer who also dabbled in various local bridge and road contracts. He opposed the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 because it allowed for government regulation of businesses. His administration also encouraged the passage of several acts designed to aid the proposedtranscontinental railroad, in which he had a large financial interest. ." Although they consulted with several of the presidents of leading institutions, the founders were not content to model their university after eastern schools. 16 Oct. 2020 . The result will be your finely tuned skills as a philanthropist, meaningful engagement, and what you will learn as you collaborate with others to build and enrich your community. They helped him establish a mining store in Cold Springs, which proved unsuccessful. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Dallas, Texas 75201-4605 Offered by Stanford University. Lewis, Oscar, The big four: the story of Huntington, Stanford, Hopkins, and Crocker, and of the building of the Central Pacific, New York: Arno Press, 1981, 1938. In 1850 Stanford married Jane Elizabeth Lathrop. Though he served only one term, he was able to keep California in the Union. They organized the Southern Pacific Railroad, of which Stanford served as director from 1882 to 1893. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. News reports identified the hard drive's source as a computer repair shop owner in Delaware. See also: California, Central Pacific Railroad, Monopolies, Railroad Industry, Transcontinental Railroad. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style.

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